New Delhi: Between 2015-16 and 2019-20, female enrolment in higher education increased by more than 18 per cent, according to data released by the Ministry of Education on Thursday. The poll, which gives critical performance indicators on the current situation of higher education in the country, included 1,019 universities, 39,955 colleges, and 9,599 stand-alone schools. “In the last five years from 2015-16 to 2019-20, there has been a growth of 11.4 per cent in the student enrolment. The rise in female enrolment in higher education during the period is 18.2 per cent. Gender Parity Index (GPI) in higher education in 2019-20 is 1.01 against 1.00 in 2018-19 indicating an improvement in the relative access to higher education for females of eligible age group compared to males,” the report said. “Share of female students in state public universities is 50.1 per cent and in central universities, it is 48.1 per cent,” it said.
Females have a Gross Enrolment Ratio of 27.3 per cent, which is higher than the boys’ rate of 26.9 per cent. Female participation at the MA, MSc, and MCom levels has also increased dramatically over the previous five years, according to the report. While female enrolment in master’s programmes in the arts, sciences, and commerce increased dramatically between 2015-16 and 2019-20, “it is still relatively low in undergraduate courses like BCA, BBA, BTech, or BE and LLB.”
The male-to-female ratio in the BA programme is 47.1 per cent for males and 52.9 per cent for females, while the BSc programme has 47.07 lakh students enrolled in total, with 52.3 per cent of them being females. However, BSc (honours) has 54.8 per cent males, MBA has 57.4 per cent males, BTech has 71.5 per cent males, and BE has 71 per cent males. The medical science stream is a picture of female dominance, with 8.04 lakh females out of a total of 13.5 lakh students (62.2 per cent).
“Share of female students is lowest for institutes of national importance (24.7 per cent) followed by deemed universities government (33.4 per cent) and state private universities (34.7 per cent), whereas the share of female students for institutes under State Legislature Act is 61.2 per cent.”